The starting point for these maps is found in the shapes and contours of printed circuit boards and other electronic components; by adding a topographic layer on top of them, they are transformed into maps. These electronic components can become topological maps, detailed city plans, sky maps, or nighttime satellite views; the transformation process consists of selecting and enlarging relevant details, letterpress printing entire circuit boards, and finalizing the map with drawing or painting. In the process, these works blur the boundaries between the man-made and the natural, reimagining the tiniest of engineered components as vast land/sky spaces.